Fire doors are used as part of a passive fire protection system and they are fundamental to protecting escape routes, such as stairs and corridors, and separate different fire hazards within a building. This is known as compartmentalisation, which helps to keep fire and smoke in the area that it starts, to protect occupants, escape routes and contents.
Fire doors have a fire-resistance rating and may be made of a combination of materials such as: glass sections, steel, timber and aluminium, to create the door assembly which consists of the door leaf, frame, seals and essential door hardware. It is important that the correct components are used, as the wrong components may have a significant impact on the overall performance of the fire door. It is also a mandatory requirement that the correct signage is used in conjunction with the fire doors to allow for a safe and efficient escape route to occupants.
Just like other fire safety devices, such as fire alarms and extinguishers, fire doors need periodic inspection and maintenance to ensure that they will perform as intended in the event of a fire. It is therefore an obligatory requirement under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, that the fire doors are well maintained.
Depending on the type of building and who it is occupied by, will influence how often fire door inspections and maintenance is needed. Building such as schools, hospitals and offices are subject to heavy traffic and often the doors are used on a regular basis with potential misuse, meaning that regular inspections may be more suitable. The British Standards recommend that an inspection is carried out every six months. However, it is the responsible persons’ duty to ensure that an adequate inspection and maintenance routine is in place, to provide efficient fire doors.
During an inspection of fire doors, technicians inspect each component of the fire door assembly, this includes:
- Self closing door devices
- Door frame
- Intumescent door strip and seals
- Door leaf
- Locks, levers and/or handles
- Hold open devices
- Panic hardware devices for external fire exits
- Gaps around the doors and threshold gaps
Once the inspections are complete, a report will be produced that details the condition of each door and lists the areas of non-compliance that will need to be addressed. This then creates an asset register for future on-going inspections.
If you require a fire door inspection and/or ongoing maintenance contact the Fire FM team today on 01582 668500.
Check out the shocking video below of a Fire Door vs a UPVC door, by the Dorset Fire & Rescue Service…